European imperialism in the late nineteenth and twentieth centuries resulted in the carving up of areas of Africa and Asia into vast colonial empires. This was the case for British colonialism in India. As imperialism spread, the colonizer and the colony viewed imperialism differently. They saw both positive and negative effects of imperialism.
• Directions: The following question is based on the accompanying documents in Part A. As you analyze the documents, take into account both the source of the document and the author’s point of view. Be sure to:
1. Carefully read the document-based question. Consider what you already know about this topic. How would you answer the question if you had no documents to examine? 2. Now, read each document carefully, underlining key phrases and words that address the document-based question. You may also wish to use the margin to make brief notes. Answer the questions which follow each document.
3. Based on your own knowledge and on the information found in the documents, formulate a thesis that directly answers the question.
4. Organize supportive and relevant information into a brief outline. 5. Write a well-organized essay proving your thesis. The essay should be logically presented and should include information both from the documents and from your own knowledge outside of the documents.
Question: What were the positive and negative effects of imperialism for the British, the mother country, and for India, the colony?
• Part A: The following documents provide information about the effects of imperialism on India. Examine the documents carefully, and answer the questions that follow. Document 1
In this excerpt, adapted from O.P. Austin’s “Does Colonization Pay?” in The Forum, January 2900, positive and negative results of imperialism are pointed out. Modern progressive nations [European colonizers] . . . seek to control “garden spots” in the tropics. Under their direction, these places can yield the tropical produce that their citizens need. In return the progressive nations bring to the people of those garden spots the foodstuffs, and manufacture they need. They develop the territory by building roads, canals, railways, and telegraphs. The progressive nations can establish schools and newspapers for the people of the colonies. They can also give these people the benefit of other blessings of civilization which they have not the means of creating themselves. According to this author, what are the benefits of imperialism to the colony?_______________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ What are the benefits of imperialism to the colonizer?_________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ (continued)
Name___________________________________________ Date________________________________ DBQ 17: Imperialism in India: An Evaluation (continued)
In this speech, Dadabhai Naoroji, an Indian, describes the effect of imperialism on India. To sum up the whole, the British rule has been—morally, a great blessing; politically peace and order on one hand . . . on the other, materially, impoverishment . . . . The natives call the British system . . . “the knife of sugar.” That is to say there is no oppression, it is all smooth and sweet, but it is the knife, nevertheless.
In later comments he stresses the negative aspects.
Europeans [the British] occupy almost all the higher places in every department of government. . . . . Natives, no matter how fit, are deliberately kept out of the social institutions started by Europeans. . . .All they [the Europeans] do is live off of India while they are here. When they go, the carry all they have gained.
How is British imperialism both positive and negative for India?_________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________...
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