2.13 Communication and Professional Relationships

Topics: Communication, Language, Key Stage Pages: 7 (2708 words) Published: January 7, 2014
T.D.A 2.3 COMMUNICATION & PROFESSIONAL RELATIONSHIPS WITH CHILDREN, YOUNG PEOPLE & ADULTS. [1.1] In order to build relationships with children and young people, you will need to adapt your behaviour and communication accordingly. As well as demonstrating effective communication skills, you will need to show that you are approachable and able to work in an environment of mutual support. Children of all ages, cultures and abilities need to feel secure and valued, and your interactions with them should demonstrate this. In other words, you need to establish ground rules and mutual respect at the beginning and discuss with pupils the factors that will be important when working together. You should remember that this is crucial – start by talking about how you are going to work together and what each person wants to get out of it. Listening is arguably the most important way in which to establish a respectful and professional relationship with a child or young person. By a TA listening to what a child has to say, without interruption, the child can convey that you are interested and value what the child has to say. It also shows that their views and opinions are not only valued, but also important is showing the child respect. When talking with, or listening to children, you should maintain eye contact, concentrate on what the child is saying and physically lower yourself to the child’s level, thus giving the child the same respect as they would give you. This shows the child that they are considered an equal. [1.2, 3.1] you should ensure that when you are communicating with children and young people you take into account their stage of development. Children of different needs and ages will require varying levels of attention and support according to their needs and the amount of time they can concentrate. For example, younger than 2 years old, their vocabulary is limited, communicating through body language and reading facial expressions. 2 – 4 years old, is when they start to copy adults, learning more words and gaining confidence. They will start to string words together and may be using questions. 4 – 8 years old, using language to build relationships. Developing reading and writing skills. 8 – 16 years old, developing discussion and negotiation skills. More confident and using more complex language. Adults can communicate using complex language. Able to use verbal and non- verbal communication. If you work with pupils with additional needs, you will need to ensure that you have advice from other professionals who have assessed their stage of development and those areas on which they need to focus. Pupils in Foundation Stage and Key Stage 1. These pupils are still very young and are developing their communication skills. If you are speaking to them, you should ensure that you get down to their level so that you are not towering over them. Remind them about the importance of listening to others and taking turns to speak. They will need you to be very clear and check that they understand what you require them to do. You can do this by asking questions or asking them to repeat what you have said back to you. Pupils in Key Stage 2. At this stage, many pupils will be starting to mature in the way in which to communicate. They will be more used to formalities of conversation and will be less self-centred. They may be more considerate and invite others to speak first. However, you will still need to remind some pupils about waiting for their turn when speaking and this may start to be part of their personality, although it may still be due to immaturity. Pupils in Key Stage 3 and 4. Pupils of this age will be used to formal and informal language. They will know how to communicate with one another and will be used to increasing number of technologies which they can use to stay in touch with one another. This could be through emails and texts. Most teenagers may be self-confident and some will get embarrassed if they have to speak...
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