DBQ: How did the Africans react to British colonialism?
At the conclusion of 18th century, colonialism was uncommon and became a thing of the past. **Britain had lost its Thirteen Colonies in America, Spain and Portugal had lost most of South America and Holland was having difficulties holding onto the East Indies. A hundred years later, however, a second wave of colonization took place. Within twenty years, from 1880 to 1900, every corner of the Earth was claimed by the British. It was divided up as if it had been a cake split between greedy European leaders. A company in specific called the Royal Niger Company, commissioned by the British government created a document in English for African leaders to sign in agreement to giving up their land and surrounding areas for the British to develop” (Doc 1). The Africans reacted out of fear and surrendered to the white men, acted diplomatically to agree with the British, and at times, feel empowered to rebel against the Europeans and refuse their contracts and deals due to the European colonization. This was called the "Scramble for Africa".
Because the Europeans barged into African territory impulsively, the Africans reacted fearfully and threatened by these people of higher authority. The Africans surrendered to the white men during a raid and were told to go back to their homes and live their normal lives (Doc 4). They just barged in, treated the Africans like slaves, and dominated them with their machine guns. The Africans felt overwhelmed and surrendered out of fear and despair that they were going to lose anyway. Yaa Asantewa, the Ashanti queen mother, calls the chiefs of Ashanti out on acting cowardly and fearfully towards the white men. She claims that if the men of Ashanti will not go forward, then she will. “We the women… will fight the White men” (Doc 6). During the Maji Maji Rebellion in German East Africa, the chiefs gave magic medicine to a medicine man. This “medicine would give invulnerability,...
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