Columbian Exchange

Topics: United States, Slavery, Colonialism Pages: 2 (544 words) Published: April 19, 2015

The Columbian Exchange involved exchanging crops, slaves, and even diseases between the new and old world. Named after the explorer credited for discovering the new world, Christopher Columbus, the Columbian Exchange affected all who were involved directly and indirectly. As the new world colonized and developed, gold and silver mines were established and grew in need of labor. Needs similar to this grew as population across the new and old world changed. The Columbian Exchange was one of the largest routes ever established for trade and as a result of this Europe, North America, South America, and Africa each benefitted and were harmed by the trading of slaves, crops, bouillon, weaponry, and diseases.

Laborers from Africa were good assets because they already knew how to harvest and grow many of the crops being grown in the Americas, they did not know the land resulting in less success when attempting to escape, and the color of their skin allowed them to differentiate them between slaves and common people. The slave trade from Africa allowed crops like potatoes and tobacco to be successfully grown and traded to European countries. This resulted in a loss of population in Africa and also created a social class differentiation in the Americas putting African slaves at the bottom. In exchange of these slaves, weaponry and alcohol were traded to African countries from Europe. Europe gained gold, silver, crops, and glory from the Columbian exchange. The reason of colonization was to gain money and to glorify the mother country. Therefore, by receiving the bouillon and land, they grew more powerful and a race through the Americas took place. European nations desired more land and manifested all they acquired. As Europe’s glory grew, Spain and England specifically established more permanent colonies. Many times, they would pirate each other’s boats while voyaging. Elizabeth I of England hired her own pirate, Sir Walter Raleigh, and along with the wealth she...
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