DBQ Scramble For Africa

Topics: Colonialism, Africa, Religion Pages: 2 (712 words) Published: May 21, 2015
Throughout history, many people respond different ways to different things for different reasons. Often times, when change is forced on a group of people, they do not look kindly upon it. This would be the case for what is called “The Scramble for Africa.” According to the documents given, European powers gave the illusion of choice to the people and then backed that up with bullets when they resisted. In response the European Colonization of Africa, the Native people feared the social problems that would face them along with the fear of foreign rule. This caused them to rely heavily on their religious faith and the belief that dying in battle would be better than becoming slaves. Due to the matriarchal set up of African Tribes, women had a larger role in determining their course of action than women in other European countries had. Document 1 (The Standard form signed by many African Rulers by The Royal Niger Company) and Document 2 (Ashanti Leader's response to a British Official) discuss how the British give the illusion that African Nations have a choice in this matter. After all, the British offer a contract to be signed by African Leaders which implies that Leaders may choose to accept or decline. After being presented with this dilemma, most African Nations such as the Ashanti wished to remain independent and to preserve their relations with Europe. The African's felt like they were in control of their own fate due to the false illusion of free choice. The British obviously anticipated this resistance as they later used warfare to control Africa by force. Document 3 (Letter to Europe from the Leader of Ethiopia) and Document 8 (Account of the Maji Rebellion in Germany from a German Officer) explain the role of religion in The Colonization of Africa. Due to the Berlin Conference, the Continent of Africa was being divided. Many felt like they had been saved in previous crises as a result of their god's doing. African Nations believed that they maintained...
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