How did Western ideology of imperialism affect the response of Eastern and other nations to growing Western dominance?
Throughout the nineteenth century, European imperialism spread through a large section of Asia, Africa and the Pacific. European dominance in this time can be evidenced in examination of events such as the British power over China during the Opium War, the French takeover of Egypt and British conquest of India. Fuelled by great advances in European weaponry and industrial productivity, colonial expansion was seen as being crucial in this continued industrial advancement of Europe as well as a moral obligation of “the duty to civilize the inferior races” . The Eastern nations affected by this colonial occupation and spread of imperialism had mixed approaches to the Western culture they were faced with; in particular the approach to the learning of Western ways of science and mathematics in Asian and Eastern countries was controversial and an understanding of these attitudes is reflective of the overall response to the growth of Western dominance in the Eastern world.
Jules Ferry, French Prime Minister, gives an account in his 1884 speech of the value of colonialism and the justification of the ideology of imperialism based on political and economic necessity. He argues that colonial expansion is necessary, for the “crying need, or our industrial population” as there is a need for outlets for exports and that competition in this field is no long just limited to the European states. He describes the situation as “today as you know, competition, the law of supply and demand, freedom of trade… all radiate in a circle that reaches to the ends of the earth” and therefore there is a great economic difficulty in supplied and maintain these connections without a solid colonial and imperialistic stance. Ferry also highlights the value of imperialism in that it is civilizing inferior races and advocates for open vocalisation of the higher races...
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