Imperialism is a belief and practice that a country has the right and the duty to control and exploit (in term of bringing civilization and salvation) to another country for its own benefit. New Imperialsim occured from 1870 onwards. European countries were the biggest imperialist during 19th century, their policy of extending their state over other territories were mass in area. Conquering from Africa to Asia. Here are some facts: in the 1875 10% of Africa was ruled by european countries and by 1895 90% of Africa was ruled by europeans.
There are several important causes of new imperialism in the late 19th Century. Such as economical and political causes and social cause.
Politics is one of the main cause of imperialism. Mass politics was were involved, in increasingly aggressive and unstable ways. The development of mass politics took different forms in different nations. France's defeat by Germany in the Franco-Prussian war in 1861 appeared the need for France to recover national prestige. France sought recovery for European loss in abroad gain. The French started expanding their territories over at Italy by invading Tunis in 1882, Prime Minister announced that 'France is recovering her position as a great power'.
Additionally, the sudden entry of Germany into the colonial porject in the 1884 injected a new rivalry and doubled the scramble to claim territories. Facts include that why Germany entered the area of colonisation was because Bismarck was seeking to protect Germany's position in Europe and his alliance system. Also, domestic pressures explain Bismarcks entry into the colonial field. They point out in Germany Reichstag elections were approaching. Besides, Bismarck's virtial anxiety to minimise the influence in German.
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