India as colony 1850 to 1947
Colonial India was part of the Indian subcontinent which was under the control of European colonial powers through trade and conquest. Alexander the great was one of the first European power that arrive in India. Later, trade was carried between Indian states and the Roman Empire, but Romans never sought trading settlements or territory in India. The spice trade between India and Europe was one of the best in the world. India was searching for health and prosperity and it led the accidental discover of the Americans by Christopher Columbus in 1492. Years later Vasco de Gana (Portuguese) become the first European to re-establish direct trade links with India after the Roman times. Everybody wanted to have a good trading zone that’s why it brought different Europeans power to India. The Netherlands, England, France, and Denmark established trading post in India in the early 17th century. In the 18th century the British had gained control over almost all of India, becoming known as “The jewel in the British crown” The colonial era in India began in 1502 when the Portuguese empire established the first European trading center at Kollam, Kerala. The sepay is derived from the Persian word “sipah” meaning “infantry soldier”, sepoy was the term used in the British east India Company for an infantry private. The indian revelion of 1857 also called the great rebellion, the Indian muting, the revolt of 1857 or the sepay muting, began as a muting of sepoys of the British east India company’s army in the presidency of Bengal on 10 may, 1857 revolted against their British officers, the most important cause of why it star was anger about the ammunition for the new rifles they had to use when they had to fight Vasco da Gama standing in prow of rowboat
China “problems in the nation during Imperialism”
By 1800, China was a prosperous country with a highly developed agricultural system. China was not industrialized, but workers in small workshops were able to produce most of the goods the Chinese needed. Because China was practically self-sufficient, its emperors had little interest in trading with Europeans. For decades, Europeans could do business only at the port of Canton. Despite pleas from Britain and other nations, China refused to open other ports to foreigners. The Chinese regarded European goods as inferior to their own and bought few goods from the European merchants at Canton. European merchants were determined to find a product the Chinese would buy in large quantities. Eventually, the British East India Company discovered such a product - opium. Opium is a habit forming narcotic made from the poppy plant. The Chinese government tried to stop the opium trade by appealing to British royalty. When those pleas went unanswered, the quarrel over opium grew into a war. The Opium War and the peace that followed led to increased trading rights for Europeans in China. For a time it looked as though a scramble for China might follow the one for Africa... This Web Quest will lead you though the major events and policies that effected life in China during the 1800s. After completing this project, you should have a complete understanding of the European-Chinese conflict of interest that shaped Chinese history during the 19th Century. Beginning in 1899, the Boxer Rebellion was an uprising in China against foreign influence in religion, politics, and trade. In the fighting, the Boxers killed thousands of Chinese Christians and attempted to storm the foreign embassies in Beijing. Eventually several European nations followed suit, forcing China to sign a series of unequal treaties. Extraterritoriality guaranteed that European citizens in China were only subject to the laws of their own nation and could only be tried by their own courts. Eventually western nations weary of governing foreign lands, established spheres of influence within China which guaranteed specific trading privileges to each nation within...
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