The ability to communicate in a personally effective and socially appropriate manner. Message competence-
The ability to make message choices that others can comprehend as well as to respond to the message choice of others. Intrapersonal comm.-
Communication that a person has with him or herself. This is often regarded as "self communication" Interpersonal comm.-
Communication between two people, generally on face-to face interaction. Relational competence-
The ability to process and create messages that convey the type of relationship assumed or desired by a communicator at a given moment. Self-esteem-
A sense of one's own dignity or worth.
Dialogues between opposing "voices", each expressing a different and contradictory impulse. Relationshipping-
The process of building healthy relationships. Interdependence-
A reciprocal relation between interdependent entities. Self-fulfilling prophecy-
Involves both perception and behavior. Role-
The characteristic and expected social behavior of an individual
This occurs when a role takes over ones identity.
Social comparison theory-
Is the idea that individuals learn about and assess themselves by comparison with other people. Self-perception theory-
Maintains that one way we learn about who we are is through self-observation. Self-concept-
Developing a sense of individuality and a personal communication style. Liking-
Feelings which are expressed through non-verbal communication. Accenting-
Refers to nonverbals that underline or focus attention on a specific word or phrase. Repeating-
A nonverbal message to help the receiver process the total message. Substituting-
Occurs when we avoid a verbal response altogether and use a non-verbal response in its place. Contradicting-
Occurs when nonverbal messages are contrary to verbal messages. Regulating-
Occurs when nonverbal codes regulate the flow of talk. Proxemics-
The study of the cultural, behavioral, and sociological aspects of spatial distances between individuals Territoriality-
legal or assumed ownership of space.
Used to describe an imaginary bubble extending out from our bodies, an area considered to be almost as private as the body itself.
The study of body movements such as gestures, posture, and head, trunk, and limb movements. Equilibrium theory-
Presents one explanation of how the various nonverbal codes interact. Symbol-
Are units of meaning that are arbitrary and conventional.
Of or relating to meaning, especially meaning in language Denotative meanings-
The meaning that was agreed upon when the language code was constructed. Connotative meaning-
Private, often emotionally charged meaning. Linguistic determinism-
Language determines the way we interpret the world. Instrumental talk-
When we are acting instrumentally, we are attempting to achieve a specific goal, trying to get something done through talk. Content messages-
Conveys the explicit topic of a message, it consists of the ideas or feelings the speaker is trying to share. Relational message-
Messages about relationship themselves.
When two people develop common orientations and behaviors. Relational themes-
States that we communicate about the following issues; dominance-submission, emotional arousal, composure, similarity, formality, task-social orientation, and intimacy. Double blind-
The relationship between two people involved must be in intense and important one; the "victim" must be presented with a contradictory injunction; and he or she must have no way of escaping, either by recognizing the paradoxical nature of the message or by withdrawing from the interaction. Empathy-
The ability to spontaneously identify with another on a direct emotional level. Stimulus-
Any unit of sensory input.
Any unit of behavior.
Social learning theory-
Emphasis direct learning, learning that involves...
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