1. RIZAL AND HIS TIME PROLOGUEThe world of Rizal’s Times 2. Objectives 1. Discuss the historical background of the world and of the Philippines during Rizal’s time. 2. Identify the different evils done by the Spanish authorities in the Philippines. 3. Appreciate the events that led to the positive change in the lives of the 3. Before the birth of Rizal.
4. Feb. 19, 1861 – the liberal Czar Alexander II issued a proclamation emancipating 22,500,000 serfs to appease the rising discontent of the Russian masses. June 19, 1861 the birth of Rizal, the American Civil war was raging furiously in the United States on the negro Slavery. 5. April 12, 1861 the negro slavery in the United States erupted. September 22, 1863, President Lincoln issued his famous Emancipation Proclamation. June 1, 1861, Benito Juarez, a full blooded Zapotec Indian was elected president of Mexico. 6. Emperor Napoleon III of the Second French Empire with his imperialistic desire to secure a colonial stake in Latin America invaded and conquered Mexico. He installed Archduke Maximilian of Austria as puppet emperor of Mexico on June 12, 1864. 7. Because of the raging American Civil War President Juarez cannot obtain military aid from his friend president Lincoln. 8. Battle of Queretaro – President Juarez with the help of the US troops defeated the Maximilian forces and executed Emperor Maximilian. Thus fizzled out Napoleon’s ambition to colonize Latin America. 9. The Birth of Rizal Italians and Germans succeeded in unifying their own countries The Italians under the leadership of Count Cavour and of Garibaldi and his army of “Red Shirts” drove out the Austrians and French armies from Italy and proclaimed the Kingdom of Italy under King Victor Emmanuel with Rome as Capital. 10. The Prussians led by Otto von Bismarck, the “Iron Chancellor” defeated France in the Franco- Prussian war and established the German Empire on Jan. 18, 1871, with King...
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