Old vs New Imperialism

Topics: Colonialism, British Empire, Empire Pages: 6 (613 words) Published: April 30, 2011
OLD IMPERIALISM VS. NEW IMPERIALISM

DIFFERENCES

|Categories |Old Imperialism |New Imperialism | | |1450-1650 |1870-1914 | |Economic Causes |“God, Glory, and Gold” |Cheap, certain raw materials—metals, | | |Sought precious metals and goods |vegetable oils, dyes, cotton, hemp | | |they could not produce |Colonies functioned as markets for | | |Asia—luxury goods |manufactured goods | | |America—cash crops/land |Large profits with minimum risks | | |Africa—labor, ivory |Military bases and materials | | |Sought new routes to Asia |Outlet for surplus population | | | | | |Religion |Primarily Roman Catholic missionary |As much Protestant missionary | | |zeal |activity as Catholic | | | |Humanitarianism | |Geographic Focus |Africa—coastal |Sub-Saharan Africa divided up | | |Asia—coastal, islands |South and southeast Asia colonized | | |Americas—primary focus for |Spheres of influence—Asia | | |colonization | | |Technology |Ocean-going vessels |Quinine | | |Cannon |Vaccination | | |Muskets |Machine gun | | |Writing |Railroad | | | |Telegraph | | | |Steamboat | |Nature |Aspect of exploration and Commercial |Aspect of Industrial Revolution | | |Revolution |Africa and Asia—land empires | | |...
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