1. Besides the commercial and religious goals of Spain in colonizing the Philippines, give two other reasons (political and legal) why Spain claimed the country as its possession or the property of the king of Spain.
The Spain colonized the Philippines because they want to expand the Spanish empire and they want to become the most powerful empire in the world. 2. What is meant by “crown colony?” Can you give an example of a present “crown colony?”
Crown colony controls legislature and administration, as distinguished from one having a constitution and representative. It also refers to the colonies which had been acquired through wars. The examples of crown colony are Canada, Australia, New Zealand, India, and etc. 3. Why was the governor-general powerful? Enumerate his powers.
The governor-general is powerful because he needs to control all the people in a certain country with the use of his powers. His powers were vast and included the executive and a little legislative and judicial power as well. 4. Define or explain the following:
a. cumplace – a privilege held by the governor-general in the Philippines during Spanish rule that gave him power to suspend royal degrees. b. Audiencia - a court of appeals in Spain and its empire.
c. Superior decree - an executive superior order issued by a head of state. d. indulto de comercio – the right given to alcalde mayor to engage in trade. e. capitan – a municipal judge or governor in the Philippines during the Spanish colonial period, who carried out in a town the combined charges or responsibilities of leadership, economic, and judicial administration. Also called gobernadorcillo (little governor). f. principalia - the ruling and usually educated upper class in the towns of colonial Philippines, composed of the gobernadorcillo, and the cabezas de barangay who governed the districts. g. cabeza de barangay - the leader or chief of a barangay in the Philippines during the Spanish colonial period. h....
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