The Age of Imperialism
The age of imperialism 1850-1914 was caused by the needs for the Industrial Revolution. Many rulers of powerful nations wanted to change their culture values, class systems and government systems. The white race or the Europeans felt superior to others, they felt as if they needed to "civilize" men of other countries. They felt that they needed to conquer them and convert them to Christianity and modernize their country. This was known as the "White man's burden" which was their idea for civilizing non-European countries. They wanted to take over their political and economic life and take control of their natural resources. This would help increase European markets and satisfy the needs of the Industrial Revolution. Europeans applied the ideas of Social Darwinism, "survival of the fittest" and “confessions of faith” as some of their ideas of imperializing other countries. Others did not agree with the thoughts and ideas of imperialism one man being John Atkinson Hobson’s and his writings in “An Early Critique of Imperialism”. Joseph Chamberlain discussed in " The British Empire: Colonial Commerce and “The White Man's Burden" he discussed the welfare of the Britain depended upon the preservation and extension of the empire. He felt that the Empire had a responsibility to carry their way of civilization, religion of Christianity and British law to the “backwards” as he would call them, people of Africa and Asia. They would use these other colonies to foster trade and served as a source of raw materials while benefitting from the civilizing effect. Believes that the half the population of the British Isles would not last for a single day if Britain was to pull away from its empire. England is not able to support the large population which is now being taken care of by foreign trade. These overseas markets are necessary in order to increase demand in the domestic economy. Also felt that the Navy should be strengthened in order to control...
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