US History Chapter 1 Section !

Topics: Colonialism, Connecticut, Thirteen Colonies Pages: 3 (613 words) Published: October 9, 2013
1. Vocabulary:
Civilization - a highly organized society marked by advanced knowledge of trade , government, the arts, science, and, often, written language. Culture - the arts and other manifestations of human intellectual achievement regarded collectively. Joint-Stock Company - a group of private investors who pool their ,money together to support big projects. Immigrate - come to live permanently in a foreign country.

Pilgrim - a person who journeys to a sacred place for religious reasons. Subsistence farming – raising only enough food to feed ones own family Proprietary colony – owned by an individual who governed it anyway he wanted to. Indentured servants – people who signed contracts with American colonists, agreeing to work for 4 years or more in return for paid passage to America and free food clothing and shelter. Triangular trade – the exchange of goods among the colonies, England, Caribbean sugar planters and Africa. Hierarchy - a system or organization in which people or groups are ranked one above the other according to status or authority. Slave code – a code to keep African captives from having land, school, freedom of movement or meeting in large groups.

2. People and Terms:
Christopher Columbus – an Italian sea captain who was convinced that he could reach Asia by sailing west across the Atlantic Ocean William Penn - English Quaker, founder of Pennsylvania. Having been imprisoned in 1668 for his Quaker writings, he was granted a charter to land in North America by Charles II. He founded the colony of Pennsylvania as a sanctuary for Quakers and other nonconformists in 1682.

3. Places:
Jamestown – (37.2092° N, 76.7775° W) a British settlement established on the James River in Virginia in 1607, abandoned when the colonial capital was moved to Williamsburg at the end of the 17th century.

4. Summarize – Why settlers came to Jamestown and Plymouth colony…….They came to Jamestown to start a colony for England, search for gold, and escape...
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