ARTH220 D001 Spr 13
Dr. Irene Nero
July 21, 2013
I first decided to write about Alberti, but then seeing that we were allowed to write about any architect we’ve come across in this course, I thought to myself who would be better than Le Corbusier or Frank Lloyd Wright; cliché’ , but yet they’re the fathers of the modern Architecture. Alberti’s type of Architecture wasn’t in use and he’s only looked at as history. Modern Architecture is what we live in, what we breathe, what we see, it’s in our blood as Architects; it’s what people expect from us. I then went on to choose between Le Corbusier and Frank Lloyd Wright. I know much about Frank, but then I knew little about Le Corbusier. During my college years, his name was familiar, very famous between architecture students; we knew he was the god of modern architecture, we’ve heard about some of his buildings, yet we haven’t taken “architectural theories” – a college course that teaches us about modern architects among were Le Corbusier. It is very common that one doesn’t feel obliged learning about something unless it was homework. Doing this term paper about le Corbusier seemed about right; it was the only way I could learn much about him. Enough with un-useful chattering!
“Architecture is the masterly, correct, and magnificent play of masses brought together in light.” Le Corbusier, Toward a New Architecture, 1923
Le Corbusier’s original name was Charles-Edouard Jeanneret-Gris. He was born in Switzerland in 1887. He was born to an artistic family which influenced him; his dad was an artist and his mother was a musician and taught piano. Le Corbusier was more into art, thus he left his school at the age of 13 in order to learn art and engraving. Le Corbusier love for art grew he was learning to paint and becoming more familiar with art history, he wanted to continue his study and become a painter. His master- L’Eplattenier, on the other hand, wanted him to become an architect. By the age of 20 he designed his first house- Villa Pallet, 1907. ("Le Corbusier biography") Le Corbusier traveled to Italy in 1906 and got the opportunity to work with Auguste Perret, who was considered the French pioneer of reinforced concrete. This part of his life marked a great period for his development as an architect as he was famous for using steel and reinforced concrete; with the help of Perret. Le Corbusier continued his travel and later on worked with Peter Behrens from October 1910 until Match 1911. ("Le Corbusier biography") Le Corbusier’s first works focused on residential villas; he wanted to create affordable prefabricated houses. After World War I, Le Corbusier returned to his homeland and worked at his old school. During his stay at Switzerland, he developed theoretical studies on how to use modern techniques. The Domino house project illustrated all of his theories as it became the foundation of his architecture. ("Le Corbusier biography") In 1923, Le Corbusier published his book “Toward a New Architecture” which illustrated his five points of Architecture. These five points are found in his Villa Sovoye. Le Corbusier’s five point of Architecture are the following: •
The Supports: Replacing walls with reinforced concrete columns •
Free designing of the ground plan
Horizontal window: allowing rooms to be lit equally
Free design of the façade (Le Corbusier )
Le Corbusier was also famous for his urban planning skills. His first attempt was the sixty-story Villa Contemporaine which was drawn on paper but yet never constructed. Another attempt was La Villa Radieuse (the Radiant City); a well improved version of Villa Contemporaine. Le Corbusier was now aiming towards bigger projects, his next project was Chandigarh; his planned city in India. (archdaily) Le Corbusier found inspiration in Mathematical Geometry, and was mostly fond of DaVinci and his Mathematical concepts; the golden ratio and Fibonacci series....
Le Corbusier, . Toward a new architecture. 19. France: 1923. eBook.
Kroll, Andrew. "AD Classics: Villa Savoye / Le Corbusier" 27 Oct 2010. ArchDaily. Accessed 29 Jul 2013.
"International Style." Encyclopedia Britannica. N.p.. Web. 28 Jul 2013. .
Quirk, Vanessa. "14 Facts You Didn’t Know About Le Corbusier" 06 Oct 2012. ArchDaily. Accessed 29 Jul 2013.
"Le Corbusier biography." Bio. True story. N.p.. Web. 28 Jul 2013. .
"Le Corbusier & Women; The Feminist Voyeur?." . N.p.. Web. 29 Jul 2013. .
Kroll, Andrew. "AD Classics: Ronchamp / Le Corbusier" 03 Nov 2010. ArchDaily. Accessed 29 Jul 2013.
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